tribunal de justice

está dispuesto a contar todo lo que sabe", "Magistrado Christian Zerpa huyó a EEUU: No quiero que Maduro se juramente - Efecto Cocuyo", "Las confesiones más polémicas del exmagistrado Christian Zerpa en Orlando", "Exmagistrado Christian Zerpa destacó que Moreno y Gorrín "están asociados en corrupción" | En la Agenda | 2001.com.ve", http://www.tsj.gov.ve/eltribunal/magistradoshistorico.shtml, http://www.justicia.net/noticias/?id=463&accion=detalle, http://www.eluniversal.com/2006/06/09/pol_art_09104A, http://190.9.128.170/index.php/nacionales/5866-Juramentados%20tres%20nuevos%20magistrados%20del%20Tribunal%20Supremo%20de%20Justicia, http://informe21.com/asamblea-nacional-designa-los-9-magistrados-principales-los-32-suplentes-del-tsj, http://www.tsj.gov.ve/legislacion/locsj.html, http://www.tsj.gov.ve/legislacion/nuevaleytsj.htm, https://web.archive.org/web/20010220074912/http://www.tsj.gov.ve/eltribunal/magistrados.html, http://www.tsj.gov.ve/informacion/notasdeprensa/notasdeprensa.asp?codigo=11663, https://web.archive.org/web/20131208072920/http://www.tsj.gov.ve/eltribunal/magistrados.shtml, http://www.eluniversal.com/nacional-y-politica/140922/fallecio-el-magistrado-y-exrector-del-cne-oscar-leon-uzcategui, http://www.el-nacional.com/noticias/politica/magistrado-del-tsj-huyo-venezuela-para-colaborar-con-justicia_265374, http://www.eluniversal.com/2004/06/22/pol_ava_22A469989, http://www.ultimasnoticias.com.ve/noticias/actualidad/politica/en-gaceta-destitucion-del-magistrado-aponte-aponte.aspx, http://www.eluniversal.com/nacional-y-politica/121011/fallecio-la-magistrada-ninoska-queipo, "Corruption by Country/Territory: Venezuela", Boulevard of Sabana Grande, open-air museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Supreme_Tribunal_of_Justice_(Venezuela)&oldid=995736753, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from June 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles needing cleanup after translation from Spanish, Articles to be expanded from January 2019, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Supreme Tribunal may meet either in specialized chambers (of which there are six: constitutional, political/administrative, electoral, civil, criminal, and social) or in plenary session. Les tribunaux  d’instance et de grande instance situés dans une même ville sont regroupés en une juridiction unique : le tribunal judiciaire. Les juges intervenant dans la sphère familiale, Réorganisation du contentieux de la sécurité sociale. Le tribunal de proximité garde un périmètre d’attributions proche de celui de l’actuel tribunal d’instance à l’exception des élections professionnelles et du contentieux des contrats de travail des marins qui deviennent des compétences exclusives du tribunal judiciaire. Open letter of former Justice Eladio Aponte Aponte, 2017 appointment and Supreme Tribunal of Justice in exile, 2018 opposition parties prohibition in presidential election, Véase un análisis sobre la primera sentencia en, Supreme Tribunal of Justice of Venezuela in exile, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela, Learn how and when to remove this template message, recall referendum against President Maduro in 2016, the call for a rewriting of the constitution by the Bolivarian government, "Senado chileno reconoce al TSJ en el exilio como autoridad legítima de Venezuela", "Parlamento chileno aprueba proyecto que reconoce la legitimidad del TSJ venezolano en el exilio", “The Venezuelan Judicial System always was the Cinderella of the State Powers”, TSJ allanó camino para enjuiciar al presidente Hugo Chávez, Chávez anuncia una marcha contra el fallo del Supremo que exculpó a los militares golpistas, "El chavismo enroca sus militantes en los tribunales penales", "Capturado Walid Makled por el DAS en Colombia", "Venezuela y EE.UU. Contact the Family Court » … Completed in 2017 in Paris, France. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update. The Tribunal decided that communal councils could elect the members of the Parochial Meetings, implementing an indirect suffrage. Inauguration du Tribunal de Paris. They claimed that some judges may face reprisals if they rule against government interests. [72] Afterwards, María José Marcano, former secretary of the Moral Council, accused William Saab of lying and presenting a forged document, since neither Luisa Ortega or she had signed the act, finding it being done illegally with political pressures.[73]. Venezuela's judicial system has been deemed the most corrupt in the world by Transparency International in 2014. [citation needed], During the process, the "Citizen branch" issued a list of preselected candidates of previous processes, endorsed by the Ombudsman Tarek William Saab and the Comptroller Manuel Galindo. The discontent of the Venezuelan government was considerable; Chávez condemned the sentenced, stating "Esos once magistrados no tienen moral para tomar ningún otro tipo de decisión, son unos inmorales y deberían publicar un libro con sus rostros para que el pueblo los conozca. The Supreme Tribunal's 32 justices (magistrados) are appointed by the National Assembly and serve non-renewable 12-year terms. [58] Once again the sentence was criticized for being considered violatory of the constitutional principles, specially sovereignty, since Article 5 of the constitution states that it "resides intransferibly in the people". Note : Bien que le Bureau de la publicité des droits dispense ses services à l'intérieur du palais de justice, il relève de l'autorité du ministère de l’Énergie et ressources naturelles. Pour simplifier les procédures judiciaires et s’adapter aux nouvelles évolutions numériques, une réforme judiciaire est mise en œuvre à compter du 1er janvier 2020  portant sur l’organisation et le fonctionnement des juridictions. [108] Human Rights Watch claimed that in 2004, President Hugo Chávez and his allies took over the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, filling it with his supporters and adding measures so the government could dismiss justices from the court. [6] The following year, the executive branch managed to promote the increase to 32 justices, after which the Tribunal started the reviewed the original sentence. 中文. You may be able to appeal to the Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber) if you think there was a legal mistake with a decision made against you by certain lower tribunals and organisations. [69][70] The Attorney General explained that during the appointment procedure of the justices, the Moral Council did not convene an extraordinary sessions to evaluate the candidacy conditions in compliance of Article 74 of the Supreme Tribunal Law, but rather the candidates expedients were submitted and later she was handed the act to be signed, which she refused to do for not convening the session. [21] The National Assembly approved the candidates in a single plenary session on the night of 23 December 2015. Ministère de la Justice du Québec website (Department of Justice) The website contains information on the Department, lists of publications as well as forms, programs and services. [43][44] This included Attorney General Luisa Ortega Díaz, who during a press conferenced in the seat of the Public Ministry defined both sentences as a "rupture of the constitutional order". Luisa Ortega Díaz habla y cierran accesos al TSJ en Caracas", "Cerrados accesos al TSJ en la avenida Baralt por barreras de la GNB", "TSJ declara inadmisible recurso de Fiscal General contra la Constituyente", "Fiscal General de la República impugna nombramiento de magistrados del TSJ", "Ortega Díaz impugnó nombramiento de magistrados del TSJ", "Fiscal General solicitó antejuicio de mérito contra 6 Magistrados de la Sala Constitucional del TSJ", "Defensor del Pueblo: Fiscal no se opuso a designación de magistrados", "Exsecretaria del Consejo Moral: Elección de magistrados estuvo viciada", "Venezuela Muzzles Legislature, Moving Closer to One-Man Rule", "Venezuela's Lame-Duck Congress Names New Supreme Court Justices", "Venezuela 'coup': Alarm grows as court takes power", "Venezuela: Supreme court backtracks on powers bid", "Asamblea Nacional continuará proceso para elección de nuevos magistrados", "Consejo Moral Republicano rechazó listado de preseleccionados al cargo de Magistrados realizado por la AN - LaPatilla.com", "Venezuela: un "Tribunal Supremo de Justicia" en el exilio se instala en la OEA", "Foro Penal no avala convocatoria a elecciones presidenciales", "Observadores electorales detectan 11 irregularidades en el proceso de municipales", "CNE obstaculiza inscripción de venezolanos en Registro Electoral, afirman ONG", "Adelanto de sufragios acorta plazos de jornadas del RE", "Parlamento Europeo rechaza las elecciones presidenciales por considerarlas "fraudulentas, "Eurocámara pide la suspensión inmediata del proceso ilegítimo del #20May en Venezuela", "Unión Europea prepara nuevas sanciones contra la dictadura en Venezuela y la estatal PDVSA", "Estos países votaron a favor de la resolución de la OEA sobre Venezuela", "La OEA insta a Maduro a cancelar las elecciones presidenciales de abril", "Solo el 29% de los venezolanos planea votar en las elecciones presidenciales", "Seis países reunidos por G-20 desconocen el proceso ilegítimo de Venezuela", "TSJ ordena al CNE excluir a la MUD del proceso de validación", "La ostentosa fiesta navideña del TSJ en medio de la crisis más grande del país", "Christian Zerpa, juez afín a Maduro, huye a Estados Unidos", "Magistrado venezolano que desertó a EE.UU. A contribution of €150 towards travel costs is also made to paid trainees whose place of residence is located 200km or more from the seat of the Court of Justice of the European Union. le contrat de louage d’immeuble à usage d’habitation. [34][35][36], Starting 2017, in an ordinary plenary session, the National Assembly, the presided by Julio Borges, officially disincorporated the three contested deputies, complying with the condition of the Supreme Tribunal to end the "contempt". Appointments are made by a two-thirds majority, or a simple majority if efforts to appoint a judge fail three times in a row. [71], The discontent with the Bolivarian government saw the opposition being elected to hold the majority in the National Assembly of Venezuela for the first time since 1999 following the 2015 Parliamentary Election. [3], The Tribunal was created under the 1999 Constitution of Venezuela, replacing the Supreme Court of Venezuela. Resolving disputes to do with copyright licensing agreements or illegal uploading and downloading issues. On 11 January, the Tribunal accepted the appeal and ruled in favor of it, declaring without effect all of the acts of the National Assembly "while it stayed in contempt", With each action of the National Assembly now in hands of the opposition, the ruling party introduced appeals to annul such actions, and through numerous sentences the Tribunal started limiting the Assembly actions established in the constitution, while at the same time it exercised actions constitutionally exclusive to the parliament with the justification of "legislative omission" due to the "contempt" of the Assembly. [10], On 20 August 2009, drug trafficker Walid Makled was captured in Cúcuta by the Colombian Administrative Department of Security (DAS) and later moved to Bogotá. [54][55][56][57], On 7 June 2017, the Constitutional Chamber issued sentence 378, where the Tribunal decided that the president is empowered to summon a Constituent Assembly without a previous consultative referendum. [90], Among the declarations given, he affirmed that many of the court's decisions responded to orders from the ruling party,[91] and stressed that Maikel Moreno, the current chief justice of the Supreme Tribunal, and Raúl Gorrín, president of the television channel Globovisión, are involved in corruption schemes.[92]. [38], On 27 March 2017, in sentence 155, the Tribunal granted faculties of the National Assembly to Nicolás Maduro to legislate and "take the civilian, military, economic, criminal, administrative, political, juridic and social measures considered necessary to prevent a state of conmotion...". [110], After Chávez' death and with Nicolás Maduro as president, following the 2015 National Assembly election, the lame duck National Assembly, the majority of whom were Bolivarian supporters, filled the Supreme Tribunal of Justice with Maduro allies. The letter was published in September. [109], It has also been alleged that the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, with the majority supporting Chávez, elected officials to the supposedly non-partisan National Electoral Council of Venezuela, despite the 1999 Constitution empowering the National Assembly of Venezuela to perform that action. 3. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 16:46. Son ressort territorial correspond, en principe, au département. The ECOWAS Court of Justice has ordered the Republic of Liberia to pay Counsellor Kabineh Muhammad Jan’neh, an impeached Judge of the Supreme Court of Liberia, the sum USD200, 000 ( two hundred thousand dollars) as reparation for moral prejudice suffered for the violation of his rights. On 14 March 2005, the Tribunal overruled the decision. المملكة المغربية: وزارة العدل. The images received considerable backlash from social networks, criticizing the costs of the party during the grave economic crisis in the country and the hypocrisy of the socialist regime. l’expulsion des personnes sans droit ni titre. The International Court of Justice, which has its seat in The Hague, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. [5], The result was a new Supreme Tribunal of Justice Law with two purposes: establishing a procedure to suspend justices and increasing the number of justices from 20 to 30. It stripped the Assembly of legislative powers, and took those powers for itself; which meant that the Court would have been able to create laws. This court or tribunal is open. Lundi 1 er avril 2019, Monsieur Édouard PHILIPPE, Premier ministre a officiellement inauguré le Tribunal de Paris, en présence de Madame Nicole BELLOUBET, ministre de la Justice et garde des Sceaux, Monsieur Franck RIESTER, ministre de la Culture, Ma. The Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Spanish: Tribunal Supremo de Justicia or TSJ) is the highest court of law in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and is the head of the judicial branch. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Under article 265 of the 1999 Constitution, judges may be removed by a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly, if the Attorney General, Comptroller General, and Human Rights Ombudsperson have previously agreed a "serious failure" and suspended the judge accordingly. Audience de comparution immédiate devant le tribunal correctionnel de Marseille. Societies and cooperative associations disputes of any amount Русский. The sentence has been qualified as a grave violation of the direct, universal and secret vote of Article 63 of the Constitution. Son ressort territorial correspond, en principe, au département. [86], In December 2018, videos and pictures were leaked showing a glamorous Christmas party that counted with an expensive feast, including French wine, taking place in the Supreme Tribunal seat. [40] The sentence was met with both domestic and international alarm from different personalities and institutions,[41][42] some of which defined sentence 156 as a self-coup d'état. [12], On 16 April 2012, Aponte wrote an open letter from San José, Costa Rica, in which he claimed to have received orders and pressure from president Hugo Chávez to convict Iván Simonovis, security chief of the Metropolitan District of Caracas, as well as Caracas Metropolitan Police officers Henry Vivas and Lázaro Forero, applying the maximum sentence for their participation during the Llaguno Overpass events. Advocate General Hogan : EU Law does not preclude national constitutional provisions under which the executive power or one of its members, such as the Prime Minister, plays a role in the process of the appointment of members of the judiciary The act was interpreted as a demonstration of political partiality by the justices and the institution. Un juge des contentieux de la protection est créé dans chaque tribunal de proximité et au sein du tribunal judiciaire pour statuer sur : Le juge des contentieux de la protection connaîtra à charge d’appel ou en dernier ressort des actions en raison de la nature du litige : Brochure informative sur la réforme judiciaire, © Ministère de la Justice - 2020 - Justice.fr, le site officiel d'accès à la Justice, Les tribunaux  d’instance et de grande instance situés dans une même ville sont regroupés en une. [39] On 29 March, the Tribunal published a second sentence, 156, attributed to itself the constitutional functions of the Assembly and decided on delegating them on the organisms that is considered pertinent, on the pretext of "legislative omission" of the Assembly. As the independence of the Venezuelan judiciary under the regime of Nicolas Maduro is questioned, there have recently been many disputes to whether this court is legitimate. [66][67] On 12 June, the Tribunal declared inadmissible the appeal due to "inept pretensions accumulation". [78] On 12 July 2017, Ombudsman Tarek Saab, head of the Moral Council of Venezuela, said that the call for new magistrates would not be officially recognized by the Bolivarian government and that the magistrates already appointed by the lame duck Bolivarian National Assembly would instead continue to be recognized. Several Venezuelan NGOs, such as Foro Penal Venezolano, Súmate, Voto Joven [es], the Venezuelan Electoral Observatory and the Citizen Electoral Network, expressed their concern over the irregularities of the electoral schedule, including the lack of the Constituent Assembly's competencies to summon the elections, impeding participation of opposition political parties, and the lack of time for standard electoral functions. May 8, 2019 Press Release The court did not indicate if or when it might hand power back. The Tribunal is the independent judicial forum of last resort for the resolution of cases submitted by members of the staff of the Bank Group alleging non-observance of their contracts of employment or terms of appointment. Un film de Cédric de Bragança.Diffusé sur France 3 et France 5 en 2004 et 2005.La vie du tribunal de Grande Instance de Rouen. [33], After this, deputy Héctor Rodríguez, from the Great Patriotic Pole coalition, introduced an appealto the TSJ on 7 January 2016 to declare null all of the acts of the National Assembly. [25][26], On 14 June 2016 the National Assembly nullified the appointment carried out in 2015. The Superior Court of Justice is the highest appellate court in Brazil for non-constitutional questions of federal law. [89] He confessed that he was appointed as justice of the Supreme Tribunal in 2015 for always have been loyal to chavismo. As the independence of the Venezuelan judiciary under the regime of Nicolas Maduro is questioned, there have recently been many disputes to whether this court is legitimate. In an interview, Zerpa denounced that Cilia Flores handles the Venezuelan judiciary branch arbitrarily and that in 2015 he received a call from Flores telling him that he would be appointed as justice. S’il existe plusieurs tribunaux judiciaires dans un même département, ceux-ci pourront être spécialisés pour les affaires complexes ou comptant un grand nombre de parties. [9], During the 2006 judicial year beginning, the justices of the Supreme Tribunal stood up from the seats of the Criminal Chamber to chant "¡Uh, ah, Chávez no se va! Our courts and tribunals are open and have social distancing measures to protect you, the judiciary and our staff. In 2010, legislators from Chávez's political party appointed nine permanent judges and 32 stand-ins, which included several allies. Cette nouvelle organisation garantit un maintien de la justice de proximité puisqu’aucun site judiciaire n’est supprimé. El Tribunal Europeu de Justícia (TEJ), oficialment conegut com el Tribunal de Justícia (en francès: Cour de Justice), és el tribunal suprem de la Unió Europea en matèria de dret de la Unió Europea.Com a part del Tribunal de Justícia de la Unió Europea, té la tasca d'interpretar el dret de la UE i de vetllar per la seva igualtat d'aplicació a tots els estats membres de la UE. Justice Breyer on Whether Judges Get More Liberal as They Get Older (Dahlia Lithwick, Slate) What Will It Take to Get a Black Woman on the Supreme Court? [77], After being stripped of power during the constitutional crisis and the call for a rewriting of the constitution by the Bolivarian government, opposition-led National Assembly of Venezuela created a Judicial Nominations Committee on 13 June 2017 to elect new members of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice. For some years provisional statutes regulated the number of judges – initially 20, with three in each chamber except the constitutional, which had five – and their selection. Entre 2006 et 2010, les demandes devant la Cour de justice passèrent de 537 à 631, augmentant donc de 17,5 pour cent tandis que le nombre d’affaires introduites devant le Tribunal passait de 432 à 636, soit une augmentation de 47,2 pour cent et ce malgré la mise en place du Tribunal de la fonction publique. Le juge des contentieux de la protection connaîtra à charge d’appel ou en dernier ressort des actions en raison de la nature du. Such call was met with preoccupation again, and many jurists argued that Maduro violated the constitution by assuming functions of the citizens to summon a Constituent Assembly. July 23, 2019 Press Release Brooklyn Man Who Submitted Over 1,800 Fraudulent Immigration Applications Indicted on Twelve Counts of Making False Statements in Immigration Documents. Le tribunal d’instance situé dans une commune différente du tribunal de grande instance devient une chambre détachée du tribunal judiciaire dénommée « tribunal de proximité ». [3] Its main function is to control, according to the constitution and related laws, the constitutionality and legality of public acts. [11] During his arrest, Makled was found with a credential of the Venezuelan military prosecution, allegedly issued by the Supreme Tribunal justice Eladio Aponte Aponte. à charge d’appel  pour les litiges tendant à l’expulsion des personnes. [63] On 27 June 2017, a helicopter attacked the TSJ building with gunfire and grenades. [45], Maduro qualified the Attorney's declarations as a "impasse" between the Public Ministry and the Tribunal, as the reason why the same day he convened a Nation Defense Council to discuss the review of sentences 155 and 156. Le tribunal d’instance situé dans une commune différente d’un tribunal de grande instance devient une chambre détachée de ce tribunal judiciaire, appelée tribunal de proximité. [76] As a result of the ruling, the 2017 Venezuelan protests began surrounding the constitutional crisis, with the Bolivarian Supreme Tribunal of Justice reversing its ruling on 1 April 2017. Pusieron la plasta". The law also permitted the National Assembly to revoke the appointment of a judge, by a simple majority, where a judge had provided false information as to their credentials. Small claims disputes up to $5,000. [110] This resulted in Chavistas making up a majority of the electoral council's board. [19] Article 264 of the Venezuelan Constitution and Title V of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice Organic Law[20] contemplate an extense procedure of more than thirty days for the appointment of the justices, both main and supplent, in which it is required to form a Judicial Nominations Committee integrated by members of the National Assembly and civil society, which will do a preselection of candidates that will be submitted to the Republican Moral Council: the Ombudsman, the Public Ministry and the Comptroller General, which will do a second preselection that in turn will be submitted to the National Assembly, which will have a lapse of three plenary sessions to appoint the justices with the vote of two thirds of the deputies or a fourth plenary session with the vote of a simple majority in case of not getting two thirds of the vote. [14][15], Currently, for a part of Venezuelan society, the legitimacy of the Supreme Tribunal is in question,[16][17] especially the legitimacy of its origin, due to the appointment on 23 December 2015 of 13 main justices and 21 supplementary justices by a lame duck National Assembly with a ruling party majority,[18] as well as its actions since. Pour vous informer sur la publicité des droits, consultez le ministère de l’Énergie et ressources naturelles. [88] From Orlando, Florida, Zerpa made a series of declarations that questioned the independence of powers and the transparency of the judiciary system in Venezuela. According to the sentence, "con los pronunciamientos efectuados en abril, los altos oficiales acusados no desconocieron al Gobierno, sino la orden dictada por el presidente de la República de aplicar el Plan Ávila, porque resultaba contraria a la protección de los derechos humanos de la ciudadanía y ello significaría una masacre". [87], On 8 January 2019, Electoral Chamber justice Christian Zerpa defected and escaped to the United States, dissenting with the inauguration of Nicolás Maduro as president for a second period. Several sectors of society, including jurists, professionals, dissident chavistas and even government officials. The Supreme Tribunal is divided in six chambers or instances that divide the work depending on its competences, which are the following: All of the chambers are part of the Plenary Chamber. 2. [74] The tribunal then approved several actions by Maduro and granted him more powers. The World Bank Administrative Tribunal was established by the Board of Governors of the Bank in 1980. Aponte then contacted the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration which provided him with a flight to the United States. Images by Sergio Grazia. [5] Chávez announced a strategy to revert the decision, creating a commission in the National Assembly to review the stay of the justices in the Supreme Tribunal, saying that "No nos vamos a quedar con esa, ahora lo que viene es un contraataque del pueblo y de las instituciones verdaderas, contraataque revolucionario" and that "Así que la AN que los nombró tiene que asumir su tarea, para evaluarlos y el que no tenga los requisitos habrá que sacarlo de allí". Each chamber has five judges, except the constitutional, which has seven. [46] Jurists definied the clarifications as illegal, since the Constitutional Chamber cannot make a review of the sentences for being res judicata (claim preclusion). [74], This article is about the Supreme Tribunal of Justice which is considered illegitimate by some countries in the Americas and Europe. On 18 December 2020, the Court issued its Judgment on the question of its jurisdiction in the case concerning Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 (Guyana v. (Law) (in Britain) a special court, convened by the government to inquire into a specific matter. tribunal. [84][85], Two days later, on 25 January, the high court ordered the Electoral Council to exclude from the elections the Democratic Unity Roundtable, the most voted coalition in Venezuela's democratic history, arguing that in the coalition there were political parties that did not meet validation requirements. Department of Justice Prosecuted a Record-Breaking Number of Immigration-Related Cases in Fiscal Year 2019. If you are confident enough in your fluency of English and Spanish, please feel free to join this translation. [8] Government supporters consider that the first sentence was political and there were several reasons to start a trial of a coup d'état. [49][50][51][52][53], On 17 May, the Tribunal decided on five nullity complaints from 2010 against the Reform of the Organic Law of Municipal Public Power, which replaced the Parochial Meetings with Communal Parochial Meetings. Court of Justice of the European Union.

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